neutrophil transcripts和 blood transcriptome如何翻译，所指具体内容是什么？两者有何区别。
The purpose of renal biopsy is to confirm the diagnosis of lupus nephritis, establish pathologic patterns, activity and chronicity of renal injury, guide therapeutic strategy, and provide prognostic information including the likelihood of response to treatment and of progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD).肾活检的目的是确认狼疮性肾炎的诊断，建立病理模式，肾损伤的活动和慢性，指
Since then, several names, such as pulseless disease, aortic arch syndrome, obstructive productive arteritis, were proposed查字典是“阻塞性生产性动脉炎“，这恐怕不对吧？
Since the description of the first case by Mikito Takayasu in 1908, several aspects of this rare disease, including the epidemiology, diagnosis, and the appropriate clinical assessment, have been substantially defined. Nevertheless, while it is well-known that TAK is associated with a profound inflammatory process, possibly rooted to an autoimmune
volume rendering reconstruction怎么翻译
For upper extremity vascular insufficiency, patiently waiting for a response to medical therapy usually pays higher dividends than undertaking rapid surgical intervention.对于上肢血管功能不全，耐心地等待对药物治疗的反应通常比进行快速外科手术干预支付更高的红利。支付更高的红利是否因为获得更高的红利？
stenotic cervicobrachial arteries 颈臂动脉狭窄。有颈臂动脉吗？颈肱动脉？
Also, only conventional angiography allows the direct measurement of central arterial blood pressure, which may be otherwise unobtainable in patients with stenotic lesions affecting all four extremities.这句话是什么意思？如果四肢都狭窄，还能否conventional angiography，能否direct measurement of central arterial blood pressure
Feature特征 At Presentation (%) Ever Present (%) Vascular 50 100这是一个表格，第二行是说血管受累的发生率。第一行 At Presentation (%) &
More importantly, the different renal histopathologic injuries associated closely with clinical implications and long-term outcomes beyond serum creatinine level, highlighting the importance of renal biopsy.更重要的是，不同的肾脏组织病理学损伤除血清肌酐水平以外，与临床意义和长期结结局密切相关，突出了肾活检的重要性。这个翻译对吗？ 特别是beyond 的用法。
1. In support of this notion, a 2016 study that profiled the blood transcriptome of 158 paediatric patients with SLE confirmed a common type I interferon signature and identified a plasmablast signature as the most robust biomarkers of disease activity.2.
8 mg/kg of body weight IV at 0, 2, and 4 wk, then every 4 wk, or 162 mg SQ weekly SQ是什么的缩写？
We performed an electronic search, piloted in PubMed. … The following limits were applied: studies written in English, Spanish or French; and studies performed in humans. Studies were screened for inclusion in different phases: duplicated articles were deleted;这个句子如何翻译,特别是红字部分.