In the setting of abdominal pain, whether acute or chronic, CT is helpful, and frequently essential, in discovering the underlying cause. Fat stranding is a common finding on CT of the abdomen and, when present, it directs the radiologist’s attention to the site of pathology. However, there is a wide differential for this pattern.The following lo
This class has less toxicity than traditional systemic cytotoxic drugs although it is potentially correlated to thyroid dysfunction thus a multidisciplinary approach is essential in managing the patient. The initial observations that thyroid malfunction is a relatively rare reaction have been replaced to the concept that actually there is a frequen
Calcium can be given by slow IV push; however, the author prefers a piggyback calcium infusion be given to asymptomatic patients in an effort to avoid a rapid infusion of calcium. For ease of use and preparation, calcium gluconate should be ordered in 1 gm dose increments. Calcium chloride may be used, preferably in code situations, but not for rou
If you have symptoms are spot on and your TSH is normal (or low), check the free T4 level. If the free T4 is low, suspect central hypothyroidism and search for a cause.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a risk factor for incident heart failure and increases the risk of morbidity and mortality in patients with established disease.
Gestational diabetes is hyperglycaemia with onset or first recognition during pregnancy.